Before & After: Miami-Dade County
In 1950, the Greater Miami area was home to less than 700,000 residents. Today, the metropolitan areas is the most populous in Florida and the seventh-largest in the United States with 6.2 million inhabitants. Here is a before and after photographic journey through Miami-Dade County visualizing its evolution over the past seven decades.
Incorporated on March 26, 1915, the City of Miami Beach was home to 46,282 in 1950. Maxing out at 96,298 residents in 1980, the population of Miami Beach declined to 87,779 by 2010.
The estimated 2018 population of Miami Beach is 91,718 residents. Now one of Florida’s most walkable and vibrant cities, Miami Beach is home to 14 local historic districts and 4 national historic districts.
The mouth of the Miami River in 1952. Originally a natural river, the 5.5-mile Miami River serves as the dividing line between Downtown Miami and the Brickell Financial District.
The mouth of the Miami River in 2018. Today Miami is home to the country’s third-tallest skyline with over 300 high-rises.
An aerial of FECR’s Buena Vista rail yard in 1952. In later years, the rail yard was partly leased to the Port of Miami as a container storage facility.
In 2002, the 56-acre tract was sold for the creation of a mixed-used development. Today, this is the site of Midtown Miami.
The neighborhood of Overtown dates back to the late 1890s when it was designated as a “colored” community where mostly African-American Florida East Coast Railway (FECR) construction workers settled. By 1950, Overtown’s Northwest Second Avenue had been dubbed the “Little Broadway of the South”.
By 1960, Overtown had been decimated with the construction of Interstate 95, the Dolphin Expressway and the Midtown Interchange. Today, the historic black community and cultural center is in the forefront of gentrification issues facing South Florida.
Coconut Grove was established as a city in 1919. It was annexed into the City of Miami in 1925. However, it is the oldest continuously inhabited neighborhood in the city, with its first wave of immigration taking place in 1825.
Since the 1970s, Coconut Grove has been the beneficiary of significant growth and investment.